The structure of the skin

The skin is constituted by three layers of elements overlapped among them connected; he treats, proceeding from the outside toward the inside, of the epidermis, of the DERMA and of the IPODERMA or SOTTOCUTANEOUS TISSUE. Among the components of the skin it can also be added the Hydrolipidic Film.

The EPIDERMIS is formed from the overlap of five cellular layers, that departing from the more inside:
- Basal layer or germinativ one: constituted by young cells of two types, the cheranocitis that produces new cells that in surface are moved for going to replace those that, aged are eliminated as and the Melanocitis that are activated if stimulated by the solar radiations and they furnish melanin.
- from the Thorny Layer or of "Malpighi" to that grainy and to that polish, the cells move him as toward the outside flattening itself and in the nucleus and in the cytoplasm. In the shiny layer, they become wealthy of Ialina, a substance similar to an important gel for the skin because it hinders both the spillage of water and the penetration of toxic elements.
- Horny layer: the extreme degree of cellular degeneration, with cells cheratinizzate reduced to thin plates, that him desquamano for then to be eliminated.
The BLACK SOAP Les Arganiers, through a deep peeling it helps to eliminate the dead cells of the horny layer, favoring the oxygenation of the skin and activating the circulation of it.

The DERMA is constituted by cells (fibroplasts, fibrocites, adipose cells), fibers collagene and elastic. The most superficial layer of the derma, Layer papillare, to direct contact with the germinal layer of the epidermis. The Derma has performed of nourishment and of protection towards the epidermis, entirely unprovided of vases and of elastic connettivals fibers.
The deepest layer of the derma, known as corion, develops instead a function of support; it is constituted in fact from a cementing substance in which are further absorbed fibers of collagene and elastic fibers to some attached cutaneous as the sebaceos Glands, the glands sudoripare and the follicles piliferi. It is in the derma that wrinkles have origin, the cellulitis and all those modifications that make the skin mirror of the psicophisical situation of the person.

The IPODERMA is almost exclusively a fabric of adipose nature that dresses again muscles and bones. When the subcutaneous fat increases notably, the layers above loose their characteristics of elasticity and tone and they form some cutaneous lacerations notes as smagliature.

The HYDROLIPIDIC FILM is a sort of defender and stabilizer of the cutaneous surface, that as thin film, entirely covers. Its composition is enough complex, the sebo secreted by the sebaceous glands, some component ones of the sweat, the products derived by the disintegration of the corneal cells and the substances coming from the metabolism of the epidermal cells. The proportion of its components varies according to the sex of the age and of the time of the day; it is influenced above all by the factors that they condition the sebaceous secretion (hypophysial, sexual and adrenal hormones. Together with the horny layer, the film idrolipidico maintains stable the degree of acidity (ph) of the skin. Protecting in this way the skin and the underlying organs from bacterias and mushrooms. The film idrolipidico also regulates permeability and the skin hydratation.
The RHASSOUL purifies the skin in depth favoring the elimination of the toxins and the sebo in excess.
The OIL OF ARGAN helps to reconstitute the film idrolipidico favoring hydration protection and rivitalizzazione of the skin.

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